The trade-weighted US dollar index, also known as the broad index, is a measure of the value of the United States dollar relative to other world currencies. It is a trade weighted index that improves on the older U.S. Dollar Index by using more currencies and the updating the weights yearly (rather than never). The base index value is 100 in Jan 1997.
The trade-weighted dollar index was introduced in 1998 for two primary reasons. The first was the introduction of the euro, which eliminated several of the currencies in the standard dollar index; the second was to keep pace with new developments in US trade.
In the older U.S. Dollar Index, a significant weight is given to the euro, because most U. S. Trade in 1973 was with European countries. As U. S. trade expanded over time, the weights in that index went unchanged and became out of date. To more accurately reflect the strength of the dollar relative to other world currencies, the Federal Reserve created the trade-weighted US dollar index, which includes a bigger collection of currencies than the US dollar index. The regions included are:
|· Europe (euro countries)
· United Kingdom
|· Hong Kong
· Saudi Arabia
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis data
The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, provides “weighted averages of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against the currencies of a broad group of major U.S. trading partners” with detailed information. The “broad currency index includes the Euro Area, Canada, Japan, Mexico, China, United Kingdom, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Brazil, Switzerland, Thailand, Philippines, Australia, Indonesia, India, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Sweden, Argentina, Venezuela, Chile and Colombia.”
This table shows some highs and lows of the Trade Weighted U.S. Dollar Index: Broad [TWEXB] from 2002 to April 2017.
|Sample of trade weighted averages of foreign exchange value USD (highs/lows ) DMY |
- ^“Trade Weighted U.S. Dollar Index”. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
- ^ Jump up to:ab c d Loretan, Mico (Winter 2005). “Indexes of the Foreign Exchange Value of the Dollar” (PDF). Federal Reserve Bulletin.
- ^ Jump up to:ab c Trade Weighted U.S. Dollar Index: Broad [TWEXB], Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis (FRED), April 27, 2017, retrieved April 28, 2017
Ofer Abarbanel is a 25 year securities lending broker and expert who has advised many Israeli regulators, among them the Israel Tax Authority, with respect to stock loans, repurchase agreements and credit derivatives. Founder TBIL.co STATX Fund.