An independent ATM deployer (IAD) is a non-financial institution that owns, manages, and places ATMs (cash machines) in retail premises or elsewhere. IADs emerged in the 1990s in the USA while working alongside depository institutions, such as banks or building societies, to allow people to access cash.
- ^“Glossary”. Chip and PIN.
- ^Harper, Tom; Batiz-Lazo, Bernardo (2013). Cash Box: The Invention and Globalization of the ATM. Networld Media Group. ISBN 1935497626.