The term ex-ante (sometimes written ex ante or exante) is a phrase meaning “before the event”.[1] Ex-ante or notional demand refers to the desire for goods and services which is not backed by the ability to pay for those goods and services. This is also termed as ‘wants of people’. Ex-ante is used most commonly in the commercial world, where results of a particular action, or series of actions, are forecast in advance (or intended). The opposite of ex-ante is ex-post (actual) (or ex post). Buying a lottery ticket loses you money ex ante (in expectation), but if you win, it was the right decision ex post.[2] Continue reading “Ex-ante”

Dollar cost averaging

Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy that aims to reduce the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities. Dollar cost averaging is also called the constant dollar plan (in the US), pound-cost averaging (in the UK), and, irrespective of currency, unit cost averagingincremental trading, or the cost average effect.[1] Continue reading “Dollar cost averaging”

Domain Developers Fund

Domain Developers Fund (DDF) is the first[1] public open-ended alternative investment fund exclusively invested in Internet domain names. DDF maintains an inventory of websites and domain names, including a wide variety of gTLD and ccTLD domains, from which it extracts advertising revenue through a combination of pay per click advertising, affiliate marketing and domain parking. Internet domains are perceived as an alternate asset class for investment diversification.[2] Continue reading “Domain Developers Fund”

DreamAhead College Investment Plan

DreamAhead College Investment Plan is a higher education savings program administered by the State of Washington. The plan was created in 2016 by the Washington State Legislature, and statutorily known as the Washington College Savings Plan (RCW 28B.95.032),[1] and opened for nationwide participation in 2018.[2] It is one of two 529 programs offered by the state, the other being the Guaranteed Education Tuition Program (known as GET), which is a prepaid program. The programs are supported by Washington College Savings Plans (WA529), a division of Washington Student Achievement Council. Continue reading “DreamAhead College Investment Plan”


Eco-investing or green investing, is a form of socially responsible investing where investments are made in companies that support or provide environmentally friendly products and practices. These companies encourage (and often profit from) new technologies that support the transition from carbon dependence to more sustainable alternatives.[1] Green finance is “any structured financial activity that has been created to ensure a better environmental outcome.”[2] Continue reading “Eco-investing”

Engineering economics (civil engineering)

Engineering Economics in Civil Engineering, also known generally as engineering economics, or alternatively engineering economy, is a subset of economics, more specifically, microeconomics. It is defined as a “guide for the economic selection among technically feasible alternatives for the purpose of a rational allocation of scarce resources.” [1] Its goal is to guide entities, private or public, that are confronted with the fundamental problem of economics.[2] Continue reading “Engineering economics (civil engineering)”

ESG Quant

ESG Quant (or ESG Quantitative) is an investment strategy, developed by Arabesque Partners,[1] which involves quantitative equity investing[2] while utilizing ESG (environmental, social, and corporate governance) information, often referred to as “non-financial”[3] information. Continue reading “ESG Quant”